Lzechus all of Klal Yisrael
#1-Reward for Tznius:
I would like to thank the reader very much for this chizuk.
May Hashem shower on you
much bracha v'hatzlacha.
I heard a beautiful story in a shiur given by Rabbi Avrohom
M. Alter that is available online. He said the story in the name of Rebbetzin Kanievsky.
Lichvod Dear Klal Yisrael,
In March, someone packed a car with 100 kilos of explosives and parked
it at the Cine Mall in Haifa. It was parked near a supporting pillar. Had it exploded, not only would it have destroyed that
pillar, but other cars in the lot would have caught fire causing the gas tanks to explode. In that very popular mall, the
consequences would have been too horrendously tragic to contemplate.
The explosion did not happen. A passerby spotted some smoke coming
from the car and alerted the police whose sappers were able to come and defuse the explosives.
Even Ehud Olmert recognized this was a miracle, although he attributed
it to the alertness of civilians.
Here's what really happened:
Several weeks before this event, a girl in Haifa who had been sick and went for tests was told she had stomach cancer.
The tumor was so big, and had metastasized, and there was nothing the doctors could do. They told her to go home for her
non-religious girl and her non-religious parents pleaded with the doctors to try. They begged them at least to make an effort.
The doctors finally agreed and told her to come back the next day for surgery.
She was assigned a young, inexperienced surgeon. They felt it
would be good practice for him, and since there was nothing that could help her, it didn't really matter.
The night before the surgery, this non-religious girl pleaded
with Hashem. She said to him, "HaKadosh Boruch Hu, when we had the Bais HaMikdosh people could bring you korbanos to
plead their case. Now we have no Kohanim, we have no Bais HaMikdosh. But I still want to bring you a korban."
She went to her closet and took out all her immodest clothing
and took it out to the yard and burned them. As the her clothes went up in flames, she cried out, "This is my korban."
day this girl went to the hospital in her nightgown. She had burned her entire wardrobe and this was all she had left. She
had the surgery. The giant tumor had not met metastasized,
as was previously believed. It was totally contained. It was easily removed. And it was benign.
She told all her non-religious friends about the miracle. When
the girl had recovered enough to get out of bed, her friends brought over all their immodest clothing and made another fire.
nothing to wear, the girls needed new clothes. When that bomb was supposed to explode at the CineMall, these girls were inside
buying themselves new, modest clothing.
Depending with what eyes we are looking at it...
Is it a coincidence that a civilian saw some smoke?
Or a miracle reward for
After I read this, Hashem gave me a great machshava. Let's all get together and make
a bonfire, and pray to Hashem to accept it as a korban for all of Klal Yisrael for refuah, yeshua, baracha, hatzlach, parnasa,
shiduchim, shalom bais, and for the geula. If you are interested in getting involved and participating in this mitzvah please
text or email us.
By getting rid of any untznius clothes
or by getting rid of any untznius books magazines etc. Let's
pray to Hashem to accept it for all of Klal Yisrael for refuah, yeshua, baracha, hatzlach, parnasa, shiduchim,
shalom bais, and for the geula. If you are interested in getting involved and participating in this mitzvah please text or
email us firstname.lastname@example.org for more details.
#2-Halachos of Tznious
seen from Rabbi Pesach Eliyahu Falk
Modesty in Dress-The Principal Law
What areas must women and girls cover to dress
All women and girls, married
or unmarried, must cover all parts of their main body (torso) plus parts of their arms and legs when in public or in the presence
of individuals outside their immediate family. Under no circumstances may even a small part of these areas be uncovered in
the presence of men or boys. These areas naturally provoke attention and must therefore be covered by decree ofhalacha (Jewish
law). There status as ervah (areas that must be covered) has been established by Chazal (our
sages) and is not dependant on the local or prevailing custom. Accordingly, even if most Jewish women would chas
v'shalom(G-d forbid) not cover these areas properly, the halacha (law) would still remain the same.
Modesty- An Adornment for Life, Rabbi Pesach Eliyahu
Falk (page: 267)
The Tefach Measurement:
Are there any allowances to keep any of the aforementioned
Many people who
have heard the term, Tefach b'isha ervah, have mistakenly concluded from it that it is permissible to leave
less than a tefach (a measurement of 4" x 4"-10cm x 10cm) of a forbidden area uncovered. This
is a serious mistake since the halacha (law) requires complete covering of forbidden areas. The tefach
measurement was given only in connection with the husband and very close family saying a bracha (blessing)
when his wife is not fully covered, but there is no heter (allowance by law) whatsoever to leave a small
amount uncovered in the presence of a stranger, and there is no difference between a tefach and less than a tefach.
Modesty- An Adornment for Life, Rabbi Pesach Eliyahu
Falk (pages: 268, 293)
Covering Hair-Crown of the Jewish Woman
What is the basic law of covering the hair and its measurements?
A: Covering Hair in Public:
It is an obligation min haTorah (from
the Torah) for a married woman to have her hair covered whenever she is in a public area or appears amongst a large number
of people. Chazal (our sages) labeled hair of a married woman "ervah" (area that must
be covered) and it is therefore ossur (prohibited) mid'Rabanan(from the sages) to say a bracha (blessing)
when looking at such hair, be it another woman's hair which he may not see, or his own wife's which he may see.
is an obligation mid'Rabanan (from our sages) for a married woman to cover her hair when she is not in
the public eye but she could be seen by men who are not part of her intimate family, e.g. when she goes out to the porch or
yard. The issur (prohibition) applies even if she can only be seen by one individual, such as when she
opens the door to a stranger.
which is difficult to contain in a regular well-fitted hair covering ishalachically (according to law) exempt
from this obligation. This refers to hair which grows on the temples next to the ear or on an exceptionally low hairline that
extends below what a net or tiechel (scarf) would normally contain.
Although there is no obligation to cover such hair, nevertheless, if local shomrei
mitzvos (observant Jews) are stringent and cover them, the halacha (law) obliges women who live
in this locality to behave likewise. In fact, many have adopted the custom to be stringent because Kabbalistically much stress
is put on covering all hair of the head without exception. If a woman is just temporarily in a place that is stringent, she
is obliged to cover this hair in accordance with the local minhag (custom), even though it is halachically (by
law) permitted for her to show this hair at home where people are used to it.
There is no heter (leniency) for a lock of hair that comes from the
upper head area to descend and protrude from the tiechel (scarf), snood etc. at the temples or even below
them since such hair can easily be contained. There is no heter(leniency) for even a minor part of the hair
to be uncovered over the forehead. Such hair must therefore be covered in line with all other hair.
B: Covering Hair in Privacy:
The Poskim (Rabbi's
that rule the law) write that even the lenient opinion (that maintains that she is not halachically (by
law) duty-bound to cover her hair in privacy) agrees that it is an extremely praiseworthy act of tznius (modesty)
for a woman to cover her hair whenever possible (even in bed). This is evident from the story of Kimchis. This outstanding
woman merited having seen seven sons who all became Kohanim Gedolim (High Priests). When asked what notable
deed she did to merit having such children she answered, "The ceiling beams of my house never saw the hair of my head".
This means that even when she wished to comb her hair she would avoid exposing the hair properly. For example, she combed
the hair under a shawl that lay loosely over her head.
This was an outstanding act of tznius (modesty) and it is certainly not expected of the average
woman. However, the basic idea of reducing the exposure of hair to the absolute minimum is certainly to be learned from Kimchis,
and her ways should be emulated as far as possible. As a result of this particular form oftznius (modesty),
a woman could merit to have children who are great Talmidei Chachamim (Torah Scholars).
What other benefits can be gained by covering the hair?
Kabbalah: Great Damage is done by Exposing Hair:
All opinions (of Rabbis) agree that Kabalistically a woman harms herself, her husband and children by partially exposing
some of her hair. Moreover, those that leave some hair uncovered usually do so in order to look more attractive and from the Zohar (Kabbalistic
writing) it is evident that when hair is uncovered to attract attention, the harm and damage done is even greater. The Zohar (a
Kabbalistic writing) says the following:
Rabbi Chizkia said, 'Cursed is the man who allows his wife to expose hairs of
her head beyond their covering. Covering the hair is one of the acts of modesty that should be performed even in the home
(i.e. not just in public). The woman who allows some of her hair to be uncovered in order to exhibit it causes poverty to
descend on her home, her children not to reach the prominence they could have achieved, and an impure spirit to dwell in her
home. What precipitates such misfortunes? The hair that she exposed within her house! If the effect of an indoor exposure
is such, imagine what damage is caused by exposing hair outdoors… A woman should, therefore ensure that not even a
single hair is uncovered even when she is indoors, and all the more so when she goes outdoors.'
If women would realize the harm they inflict upon themselves by being
lenient, they would surely return to the traditional Jewish way of covering all their hair. It is tragic that such an important Chazal (teaching
of our sages) as this Zohar(a Kabbalistic writing) is not more widely known.
Modesty- An Adornment for Life, Rabbi Pesach Eliyahu Falk (pages:
do I measure the area called 'the neckline'?
A woman must cover the whole of her main body (the torso). She must, therefore cover whatever is halachically (according
to law) not considered to be part of the neck.
At the front, the neck ends just above the collar-bones; the collar bones form the frontal uppermost part of the
torso. As the collar-bones are part of the main body, they must be properly covered, in line with all other parts of the main
body. At the center of this frontal area, the neck extends slightly downwards between the collar-bones in a small v-shaped
dip. This is due to the fact that the collar bones do not join one another, but rather leave a soft fleshy area between them.
This area is an extended part of the neck and need not be covered (as this part may be exposed, great care must be taken to
assure the coverage of the collar bones).
At the sides the neck gives way and becomes shoulder when it curves outward, or is at least more horizontal than
vertical. Since this area is shoulder, it is an integral part of the main body and must be completely covered (check out the
necklace method below).
At the back-
At the rear, the neck ends and the upper back starts from a point that is level with the highest point of the shoulders. This
is above the second projecting bone of the spine which can be seen very well on a young child when he bends his head forward.
When a necklace lies at its lowest natural point across the back of the neck, it will hang from
what is still considered neck. Below this point the upper back starts, which must be covered as explained. A necklace can
also be used to help determine the boundaries of the neck to the right and left.
Modesty- An Adornment for Life, Rabbi Pesach Eliyahu Falk (pages: 269-270)
of the arms must a woman cover?
sections of the arms must be completely covered. The elbow has the same halachos (law requirements) as
the upper section of the arm and must be completely covered. In fact, the elbow is a "ball and socket" area, the
"ball" being the rounded end of the bone of the upper arm, and the "socket" the top end of one of the
lower bones of the arm (the radius). Hence the upper limb of the arm occupies a substantial part of the elbow. Since the upper
section of the arm must be covered and it extends into the elbow, it is understood that the complete elbow must be covered.
Modesty- An Adornment for Life, Rabbi Pesach Eliyahu
Falk (pages: 291,293)
law, must a woman cover her forearms?
Most Poskim (Rabbis
that rule the law) maintain that the halacha (law) does not require women to cover their arms below the
elbow. Although there is nohalachic (law) obligation to cover the forearms, nevertheless, this part of the arms
offer an opportunity for a woman or girl to exercise her own instinctive feeling for refinement, where halacha (law)
has not demanded of her. To cover the complete arm is a hidur- a considerable enhancement of the mitzvah(commandment)
of tznius (modesty). In some Chareidi (Observant Jewish) circles it has become customary
that women and girls cover most of the lower section of the forearms- and some go even further and cover the whole lower section
of the arm (except where the bracelet or watch is worn). If one is in such a place, one must do likewise (only in that place),
because the individual woman is halachically (by law) required to keep the standard set by women of that
time and place. If covering most or all of the forearm has not become the local minhag (custom), an individual
may do so herself. She has, however, no right to insist that other women and girls do so.
All opinions agree that women
need not cover their hands or fingers in public.
Modesty- An Adornment for Life, Rabbi Pesach Eliyahu Falk (pages: 296,298)
of the Legs:
What is the law requirement
of covering the legs?
cover the knees completely. The upper section of the legs must be covered when in public by decree of halacha (law),
due to their proximity to the main body. Therefore, even if most women would wear short sleeves or short skirts, it would
still remain strictly against the halacha (law) to do so.
A woman or girl must cover the upper sections of the legs including the knees. This is
because the knee is not an independent bone (apart from the slim knee cap). Instead, it contains the rounded lower end of
the upper section of the leg- the femur. This upper bone extends through to the lowest point of the knee to the extent that
when a person who is sitting puts his hands onto his knees he is touching the rounded lower end of the femur bone. The lower
leg (the tibia) which is slightly indented to comfortably support the rounded end of the upper section is situated just below
the knee. Since the upper section of the leg must be completely covered as has been explained, and the upper sections of the
legs extend down the complete knee, it is obvious that the knee must be completely covered.
A woman must ensure that her knees remain fully covered at all times,
even when she is sitting, stretching, ascending stairs, (walking), and so on. The skirt length must therefore ensure that
her knees will not be uncovered even for a moment.
Modesty- An Adornment for Life, Rabbi Pesach Eliyahu Falk (pages: 300,302)
May a woman wear a tight fitting skirt if they properly cover the upper legs
Even though the upper
sections of the arms and legs are both ervah (areas that must be covered) by decree of halacha (law), there
is an important difference between them. The upper arms must be covered but there is no halachic (law)
obligation to disguise and mask their shape by covering them with a shawl etc. The upper sections of the legs, however, are
governed by a far more stringenthalacha (law). They must be covered in such a way that the limbs are totally
disguised and the shape of the thigh and upper sections of the legs cannot be seen. This implies that the thigh must be dressed
in a loose fitting garment and is therefore hidden and goes unnoticed.
Modesty- An Adornment for Life, Rabbi Pesach Eliyahu Falk (pages: 308,309)
Lower Section of the Legs:
What is the law requirement of the lower section
of the legs?
The lower section of
the legs must be fully covered with hosiery (tights or stockings) which masks the legs and covers them well. There are two
independent reasons why the lower sections of the legs must be covered in this manner:
· Firstly, Chazal (our
sages) state that Shok b'isha ervah- "the leg of a woman iservah (area that must be covered)". According
to many Poskim (Rabbis that rule the law), Chazal (our sages) are referring to the lower
sections of the legs.
· Secondly, it is a fully-accepted Orthodox practice that the lower sections of the legs
are covered whenever a woman or girl is in public to lessen their visibility and render them indistinct. The legs are therefore
limbs which are generally covered and obscured and as such it is an obligation on everyone not to deviate from this practice.
Modesty- An Adornment for Life, Rabbi Pesach Eliyahu
Falk (page: 329)
content was taken from: Falk, Eliyahu Pesach. Modesty: An Adornment for Life. Philipp Feldheim: New